What is a carbonatite complex?
What is a carbonatite complex?
Abstract. The Sokli carbonatite complex is one of 22 alkaline complexes comprising the Devonian Kola alkaline province (KAP). It represents the largest carbonatite intrusion of the province, and possibly the largest carbonatite on Earth.
What type of rock is carbonatite?
Carbonatites are a relatively rare type of igneous rock composed of greater than 50 vol % primary carbonate minerals, primarily calcite and/or dolomite, and contain the highest concentrations of REEs of any igneous rocks.
What is carbonatite magma?
Carbonatite (/kɑːrˈbɒnəˌtaɪt/) is a type of intrusive or extrusive igneous rock defined by mineralogic composition consisting of greater than 50% carbonate minerals. Carbonatites may be confused with marble and may require geochemical verification. Carbonatite. Igneous rock. Carbonatite from Jacupiranga, Brazil.
Where is carbonatite found?
4.1. 1 Carbonatite Deposits
|Type||Deposit Name||Main Mineralogy|
|Carbonate rich||Kizilcaören (Turkey)||Bastnäsite-(Ce)|
|Bear Lodge (United States)||Bastnäsite-(Ce)|
|Phosphate rich||Glenover (South Africa)||Apatite|
|Zandkopsdrift (South Africa)||Florencite, gorceixite, goyazite from apatite|
How carbonatite is formed?
Carbonatites are rare, peculiar igneous rocks formed by unusual processes and from unusual source rocks. Three models of their formation exist: direct generation by very low degree partial melts in the mantle and melt differentiation. liquid immiscibility between a carbonate melt and a silicate melt.
How do you pronounce carbonatite?
- Phonetic spelling of carbonatite. car-bon-atite.
- Meanings for carbonatite. An igneous rock that is a mixture of carbonate minerals, silicates, phosphate minerals, and oxides, and mined in large amounts in Brazil and Canada.
- Examples of in a sentence.
- Translations of carbonatite.
How is carbonatite magma formed?
Experiments have confirmed that carbonatite magmas may be generated through one of the following mechanisms: (1) by partial melting of carbonated peridotites (e.g. Wyllie & Huang, 1975, 1976a; Eggler, 1978; Wallace & Green, 1988), (2) by crystal fractionation of some silicate–CO2 magmas (e.g. Franz & Wyllie, 1967; …
What are carbonate minerals used for?
The carbonates have several important uses—Ca carbonates in the manufacture of cement, dolomite in refractory materials, and siderite and rhodochrosite as sources of iron and manganese.
How is charnockite made?
The charnockite series originally was assumed to have developed by the fractional crystallization of a silicate magma (molten material). Subsequent studies have shown, however, that many, if not all, of the rocks are metamorphic, formed by recrystallization at high pressures and moderately high temperatures.
What elements do the oxide mineral group contain group of answer choices?
Oxide minerals have oxygen (O2–) as their anion, but they exclude those with oxygen complexes such as carbonate (CO32–), sulphate (SO42–), and silicate (SiO44–). The most important oxides are the iron oxides hematite and magnetite (Fe2O3 and Fe3O4, respectively).